Universidad Nacional
Course Diachrony
Prof.: Msc. David Villalobos
Teresa Torres Rugama

The Lord’s Prayer Analysis

Lord’s Prayer in Old English:

Fæder ure þu þe eart on heofonum; Si þin nama gehalgod to becume þin rice gewurþe ðin willa on eorðan swa swa on heofonum. urne gedæghwamlican hlaf syle us todæg and forgyf us ure gyltas swa swa we forgyfað urum gyltendum and ne gelæd þu us on costnunge ac alys us of yfele soþlice.
Lord`s Prayer in Middle English

Oure fadir that art in heuenes, halewid be thi name; thi kyndoom come to; be thi wille don in erthe as in heuene: gyue to us this dai oure breed ouer othir substaunce; and forgyue to us oure dettis, as we forgyuen to oure gettouris; and lede us not in to temptacioun, but delyuere us fro yuel.



Since the English was established as a language during the old English period until Middle English had been being suffered several grammatical and phonology changes. Among the most common changes we can identify the syntactically form, spelling form, and phonetically form. Old English scripture demonstrated how these changes are remarkable in structures and patterns with the pass of years.
The Lord’s Prayer one of the most significant scripture for human being since antique time is too different in sentences structure, words shapes and words orders from the one of Middle English. In addition the pronunciation and intonation differ in Middle English from old English. But in meaning didn’t differ.
It is believed that the word order of Old English had changed significantly and it is different from Middle Periods. Among some syntactically differences of this scripture we can find the way the structure of sentences and words orders such in:
Taking intop account the structures of the sentences we can see for instance that in the old English Lord’s Prayer the sentences were formed for example: “to becume þin” and middle times are written as “come to be”.
In old English the noun or subject is placed before the possessive pronoun. For example in “Fæder ure” but in Middle English the possessive pronoun is placed before the subject or noun as we can see in Middle English too for example in “Oure fadir”
In spelling we can find that in old English words were spelled essentially as it is pronounced. Some spelling changes are that in some words was involved the addition of one sound at the beginning of the word. For example: “eart” that means “art” like in modern English. Unlike Middle English, in old English the words had different shapes that cannot be use in modern times. For example “þ” as in “þu” “þe”.
Other characteristic is the form on what the spelling of one words had a big change as in for example in the word “nama” that in middle English was spelled as “name” another ones are “ Fæder ” that is the same as “fadir” or in “ne” that is equal to “not” and in “gyltas” for “gettouris” in middles times .
Taking into account Old English phonological changes we can find that there were many vowels sound didn’t exist as in middles times. Moreover the quality of words of Old English was not the same as Middle English. And some sounds from old English disappeared from the general pronunciation.